About CNEF

The CNEF files have been a decades long project that wouldn't have been possible without the support, dedication, and hard work of all of our partners across the globe. Their support to this day is a fundamental part of our expansion and maintenance of this project.

Our cross-national data are designed to allow researchers of any level to access panel data for whatever analysis they so choose. Simplified versions of the panel data are available to researchers not experienced with this kind of work while experienced researchers can access guidelines for the formulation of equivalent variables across any number of countries they desire. Most importantly, the equivalent file provides a set of constructed variables that are derived from and not directly available on the original surveys. Since the Cross-National Equivalent file can be merged with the original surveys, PSID-CNEF users can easily incorporated these constructed variables into their already existing analyses.

The Cross-National Equivalent File, or CNEF, is a project that was originally started by Dr. Richard Burkhauser during his time at Cornell University. Together with Dr. Dean Lillard, as well as many other researchers, the project has continued to develop and expand, relocating to The Ohio State University with Dr. Lillard who is the current Primary Investigator of the project.

We designed the CNEF data files with both novice and experienced users in mind. Our data allow new cross-national researchers access a simplified version of each panel data set. This lowers the learning curve, and allows more people to do panel data analysis. Meanwhile, our more experienced users have additional options. CNEF provides experienced panel data users with guidelines to formulate cross-national equivalent variables.

It's important to note that CNEF provides variables that are not immediately available in original surveys. For example, CNEF has pre- and post-government income, and U.S. and international household equivalence weights in our data set.

We hope that you find our data useful, and we will be happy to answer questions related to using our data.

What data is in the CNEF?

PSID (1970 - 2019)
Panel Study of Income Dynamics
Univesity Of Michigan

PSID is the longest running longitudinal household survey in the world. It began n 1968 with 18,000 individuals in 5,000 household. Today it lives on with over 11,000 households and more than 77,000 individuals in the last wave.
SOEP (1984 - 2018)
Socio-Economic Panel
German Institute for Economic Research (DIW)

German Socio-Economic Panel is a household panel dataset developed by the DIW Berlin. The study began in 1984 and currently includes nearly 15,000 households and surveys more than 25,000 individuals.
BHPS (1991 - 2009)
British Household Panel Survey
Institute for Social and Economic Research

Currently part of the UKHLS, BHPS started as a survey in 1989, with first sample of households arriving in 1991. Towards the end, in 2008, almost 8,000 households were part of the survey.
SLID (1993 - 2014)
Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics
Statistics Canada

Canadian survey began in 1993 with an objective of understanding of the economic well-being of Canadians and gathered information until 2014. And while SLID ended, Longitudinal and International Study of Adults (LISA) is taking its place. SLID-CNEF data files are available to registered users of Statistics Canada. Availability of LISA-CNEF is currently unknown, as LISA's collection period ended on September 25, 2020.
RLMS (1995-2017)
Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey
Higher School of Economics

Russian survey of population began in 1992, and is currently run jointly by the Carolina Population Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and "Demoscope", in collaboration with HSE in Russia.
The RLMS is designed to monitor the effects that Russian reforms have on economic well-being of Russian households.  
KLIPS (1998 - 2018)
Korean Labor & Income Panel Study
Korea Labour Institute

KLIPS' first study launched in 1998, amid unprecedented economic crisis and labor market turmoil to better understand households and individuals in urban areas of Korea. It was the first Korean panel survey covering labor related issues, and aids in evaluations of labor market policies to this day. KLIPS is the only source of panel household data in Korea.
SHP (1999 - 2019)
Swiss Household Panel
FORS Center

Founded in 1999, Swiss Household Panel was created to observe the dynamics of population representations and changing living conditions in Switzerland. An annual panel study, SHP began with 5,000 household and almost 13,000 individuals, Over years, more that 6,000 household with over 15,000 individuals were added to the survey.
HILDA (2001 - 2018)
Household, Income Dynamics
Melbourne Institute

Australian household panel data set began in 2001 with almost 8,000 households with over 19,5000 individuals. HILDA collects information about lives and well-being of Australians, helping scientist answer questions about personal and economic well-being of Australians, their family life and labor market dynamics in Australia.
JHPS (2009 - 2019)
Japan Household Panel Survey
Keio University

A logical continuation of Keio Household Panel Study, Japan Household Panel Study began in 2009 to answer demand for household panel data of Japan as a whole. The survey began with 4000 respondents to help answer questions about education attainment, economic status, and health staus of the population.
UKHLS (2010 - 2018)
UK Household Longitudinal Study
Understanding Society

Covering the population of all countries in the UK, UKHLS has 40,000 households, including 8,000 of the BHPS . The Study examines behavioral, social and economic questions touching lives of UK population. The study includes a ethnic and immigrant minority boost samples to increase the sample size of different groups.
Citation of any publications, reports, or papers using CNEF data can be reported on the 'Bibliography' page of this website and should include the following citation:

In Text: "The Cross-National Equivalent File project is sponsored by the National Institute on Aging (Grant: 5-R01AG040213-10) and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Grants: 1-R03HD091871-01, 1-R03HD100924-01) and was conducted by The Ohio State University."

In Reference: "Cross-National Equivalent File. Produced and distributed by The Ohio State University with funding from the National Institute on Aging (Grant: 5-R01AG040213-10) and the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Grants: 1-R03HD091871-01, 1-R03HD100924-01), Columbus, OH."
Interested in our data?
Fill out the application to access the CNEF data. Our team will reach out soon. In the meantime, take a look at the "Partner Policies" page. A little legwork goes a long way.
Start Now